Insect Pests of Bananas and Plantains in India

This photo album features the photos of insect pests of bananas and plantains in India, their symptoms of damage and natural enemies and enables field identification of common banana pests.

Pseudostem weevil, Odoiporus longicollis

Pseudostem weevil is one of the most destructive pests of banana in India and many other parts of the world.

46 images

Corm weevil, Cosmopolites sordidus

Corm weevil, also known as rhizome weevil, is a major pest of bananas with a near cosmopolitan distribution.

51 images

Banana fruit and leaf scarring beetles, Basilepta spp.

Fruit and leaf scarring beetles (Basilepta spp.) are major pests in north and northeastern India and Bangladesh and affect the cosmetic appearance and market value of fruits.

16 images

Banana lacewing bug, Stephanitis typica

Banana lacewing bugs are found allover India and cause characteristic stippling of infested leaves. They are serious pests in summer months.

38 images

Banana flower thrips, Thrips hawaiiensis

Flower thrips infest the flowers and young fruits and affected fruits are scarred with reduced market value.

22 images

Banana leaf thrips, Helionothrips kadaliphilus

Leaf thrips are common pests of banana and occasionally also cause fruit damage.

26 images

Banana silvering thrips, Hercinothrips bicinctus

Silvering thrips externally look like Helionothrips kadaliphilus and causes similar damage to leaves, but much less common in South India.
Image source: https://nzacfactsheets.landcareresearch.co.nz/factsheet/InterestingInsects/Banana-silvering-thrips--Hercinothrips-bicinctus.html

2 images

Banana aphid, Pentalonia nigronervosa

Banana aphids transmit the dreaded bunchy top of banana virus and are a serious threat to cultivation of traditional varieties like hill banana.

35 images

Banana scale, Aspidiotus destructor

Banana scales have a wide distribution in all banana growing regions and rarely cause major economic damage as they are kept under check by natural enemies.

53 images

Scale, Lindingaspis misrae

This is a minor pest of banana in Tamil Nadu during dry periods.

8 images

Scale, Hemiberlesia sp.

Hemiberlesia spp. are common pests of banana and kept under check by many natural enemies.

16 images

Oyster scale, Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli

Oyster scales are minor pests of bananas and plantains and usually do not warrant any control measures.

10 images

Root mealybug, Geococcus sp. nr. johorensis

Root mealybugs are serious on some cultivars of banana in South India and cause major damage.

23 images

Root mealybug, Rhizoecus sp.

Root mealybugs belonging to Rhizoecus spp. are commonly found on banana, but much less damaging than Geococcus spp.

7 images

Solenopsis mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis

Solenopsis mealybug has a wide host range and is found on several plants, including banana.

14 images

Tailed mealybug, Ferrisia virgata

Tailed mealybug is a highly polyphagous pest on several hosts including banana and affects both foliage and fruits.

17 images

Pink hibiscus mealybug, Maconellicoccus hirsutus

The pink hibiscus mealybug, a highly polyphagous pest, is commonly found infesting banana fruits in South India.

3 images

Jack Beardsley Mealybug, Pseudococcus jackbeardsleyi

The Jack Beardsley mealybug is an invasive species recently reported from South India and it has become a common but minor pest of banana fruits.

13 images

Black scale, Saissetia oleae

Black scales are occasional pests on leaves and sometimes even fruits during summer.

28 images

Wax scale, Ceroplastes sp.

Wax scales are commonly seen on banana, but rarely reach damage causing levels.

2 images

Banana whitefly, Aleurolobus musae

Banana whitefly is a very common but economically unimportant pest.

16 images

Spiralling whitefly, Aleurodicus dispersus

Spiralling whitefly is an introduced pest in India with a wide range of host plants including banana and occasionally serious.

10 images

Rugose spiralling whitefly, Aleurodicus rugioperculatus

Rugost spiralling whitefly, a recent invasive pest in South India, has many hosts, but banana and coconut are its most preferred host plants.

72 images

Banana mirid bug, Prodromus clypeatus

Prodromus clypeatus is endemic to some parts of Kerala and South India and causes damage symptoms on leaves similar to lacewing bugs.

6 images

Leaf caterpillar, Spodoptera litura

Spodoptera litura, the leaf caterpillar, has several host plants and is a major pest of bananas in all banana growing areas.

80 images

Banana skipper, Erionota torus

Erionota torus, the banana skipper, until recently restricted to the northern and northeastern parts, has emerged as a serious pest in peninsular India.

46 images

Banana bagworm, Kophene cuprea

Kophene cuprea is one of the most common pests of banana and the damage is common and usually confined to isolated patches.

29 images

Hairy caterpillar, Olepa ricini

Olepa ricini is one of the most common pests of banana foliage and feeds on a variety of host plants.

18 images

Hairy caterpillar, Olene mendosa

Olene mendosa is a common pest of banana foliage and its infestation is usually confined to localized patches.

13 images

Hairy caterpillar, Somena scintillans

Somena scintillans is one of the many hairy caterpillars feeding on banana fruit and foliage and occasionally causes serious economic damage.

50 images

Hairy caterpillar, Euproctis fraterna

Euproctis fraterna is one of many hairy caterpillars feeding on banana fruit and foliage and occasionally causes serious economic damage.

11 images

Hairy caterpillar, Amata passalis

This is a common hairy caterpillar on banana foliage and causes skeletonization and drying of leaves.

8 images

Banana slug caterpillar, Miresa decedens

This is an endemic, occasionally serious pest in Kerala. The damage symptoms are similar to those caused by other lepidopteran pests.

2 images

Fruit flies

Fruit flies are economically less important on banana as the flies do not prefer to lay eggs on green bananas.

2 images

Fruit spotting bug, Physomerus grossipes

Fruit spotting bugs are sporadic pests of banana fruit in Maharashtra.

3 images

Spider mite, Oligonychus indicus

Spider mite, Oligonychus indicus, a polyphagous pest, is serious on banana during summer and the symptom of damage is characteristic.

32 images

Oriental red mite, Eutetranychus orientalis

Oriental red mite is a minor pest of banana foliage during summer.

4 images

Red mite, Raoiella indica

Raoiella indica, a polyphagous mite pest, is a serious problem during summer months on banana and has many natural enemies.

17 images

Minor pests

Minor pests like chafer beetles and weevils are common on bananas and plantains and seldom require any control measures.

4 images

Cerambycid beetle, Sybra praeusta

This a minor and sporadic pest of bananas in Tamil Nadu and the larvae bore into the leaf sheaths and cause yellowing and drying of outer leaves.

1 image